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File Sharing on the Web
how you can share interesting files with other hosts over
the World Wide Web started, this is how it used to be. I would
put up a Web page, you would link to it, and I would link
to yours. To get around, we would all "surf the links".
The Web was a Web. But shortly after, the likes of Yahoo!
and Lycos came in and built search engines, or information
portals, all you had to do was go to one place on the Web
to find all the information. But the problem with portals
is that they stuff too many ads. Also, many times they provide
outdated information as they only control the flow of information
and are not interactive.
there are other technologies that can put the personal interaction
back into the Internet. So, how about some file sharing techniques
over the Internet? When you run a file sharing software such
as Gnutella, Napster or BearShare software and connect to
the respective networks, you bring with you the information
you wanted to make public. This could range from a single
file, a directory, to your entire hard drive.
having a firm grasp of the data that you display over the
Internet, and you control it's sharing. Want to stop sharing?
Go ahead and take those files offline. Want to share more?
Select more files and share them.
what is file sharing?
file sharing is anything that allows the exchange or swapping
of files (audio, graphics, animation, etc.) among users across
a network and in this case the Internet.
you need for is a file-sharing client (for example Gnutella)
on your system. File sharing client software such as Gnutella
is basically a mini search engine and a file serving system
in one. When you search for something on the Gnutella Network,
that search is transmitted to everyone in your Gnutella Network
'horizon'. If anyone had anything matching your search, he/she
will inform you.
in mind that you need to leave your computer switched on and
your file-sharing program running so that people can download
files from your machine. Don't worry about someone grabbing
files from your hard drive. These programs do allow you to
close off the file-sharing part of the program.
does file sharing work?
sharing software is built on a certain protocol. The basic
operation of this protocol allows you to search files on other
computers over the Internet. Those computers in turn, send
your search to their neighbors, and so on. Computers (or hosts)
that receive your search will check their shared files and
return any matching files back to you. When you have received
search results, you may download the files from other computers.
the files that you specify in your shared folder are visible
to other users who are searching. If you do not allow uploads,
your shared files will not be returned as search results to
have complete control over the number of hosts that are allowed
to connect to your computer, whether or not they can download
your shared files, and which files you want to share based
on their location and file type.
files with BearShare
first need to download BearShare client from the www.bearshare.com.
BearShare Setup Wizard appears the first time you launch the
program and helps you install and automatically configures
you run BearShare, it will automatically try to connect to
the Gnutella network. Gnutella service providers will then
grant you the IP addresses of several other computers in the
network for you to connect to. BearShare then tries to connect
to those computers, and collect the addresses of more hosts.
This process continues until the number of connections you
specify is reached.
you have a few steady connections, it is now time to move
on to the Search Page. You enter key words or phrases for
files you are searching for into the Search Edit box to begin
your search. After a little while, the results will appear
in the Search Results List. Depending on your connection speed
and the number of hosts you are connected to, some searches
may take a little longer than expected.
you find a file you want, double click on the file in the
list. Your file will be queued for downloading and you will
automatically be switched to the downloads page. The downloads
page shows you the status of all of your pending, in progress,
and completed downloads. Sometimes you will not be able to
download a file from a host for a number of reasons such as
bad connections. You should try the download sometime later,
or get the file from another host.
uploads page shows you the files other people have requested
from you. Sharing forms the basis of the Gnutella community,
and is strongly encouraged. The BearShare Setup Wizard configures
your settings to automatically share completed downloads by
adding your downloads directory to the list of shared directories.
Monitor page shows you all the files you are sharing, along
with the number of times each file has been downloaded, requested,
or returned as a search result. You can also see what other
people are searching for from here. The BearShare monitor
ranks files according to their popularity, so this is a good
way to find what kinds of files people are looking for. You
can open or play shared files using the program associated
with the file type directly from the Monitor window. BearShare
automatically 'watches' the shared folders for changes, so
if you add or remove files from the folder using Windows Explorer
or desktop, the Monitor will update and reflect the new status.
are a host of other features you will find in Bearshare, but
going into complete details here would be impossible. So go
ahead and pull down BearShare and try all its features.
Rathod can be email@example.com